If An Online Photo Does Not Have a © or a Watermark, Can I Use It?

CMRS Law Common Questions, Copyright

Probably not.  There is a common misconception that if a photograph does not have the little ©, or some sort of watermark designating the picture as belonging to someone else, it is not protected by copyright law and is free for the taking.  That is simply not true.  Copyright protection attaches the moment an author fixes a form of creative expression in a tangible medium.  So, for example, the photographer that takes a picture and uploads it to his blog owns the rights in the picture regardless of whether he is using © or a watermark.  Such is true for all forms of creative media, including photos, music, and video.

Using a photograph, or any other media, without the permission of the owner constitutes copyright infringement.  Copyright infringement is a strict liability tort, so whether or not you realized you were infringing upon another’s copyright is not a defense.  This also means that when your website designer places an image on your website, you may also be liable for copyright infringement even if you believed the designer had permission to use the image.

Some major companies are known for searching the internet for infringing uses of their copyright protected material and will send infringers invoices for thousands of dollars or threaten to file a lawsuit.  Because of what I mentioned above, most of the time the infringer does not have a valid legal defense to copyright infringement and is forced to pay up.

Therefore, it is very important that all website operators either (1) use photographs, graphics, videos, and music they or their employees have actually created themselves or (2) confirm that they do in fact have a valid license to use the media on their site.  Anything less may result in thousands of dollars worth of copyright infringement liability.

If you have any questions about copyright law, if you have received an invoice from a copyright holder alleging infringement, or if somebody is using your copyrighted materials without a license, contact one of our attorneys today.

Schedule a free consultation.

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About the Author


Cornetet, Meyer, Rush & Stapleton, Co., L.P.A. is a law firm in Cincinnati, Ohio. The firm was founded in 1968 when attorney James G. Lutz opened a three room office in downtown Cincinnati. The firm has been located in Springdale (Tri-County) since 1975.

Over the ensuing decades, the attorneys with CMRS have dedicated ourselves to providing legal representation that is of the highest quality yet cost effective. We are committed to uncompromising and effective legal representation.

We represent many families in the Greater Cincinnati area and Northern Kentucky. Our accomplished legal representation has earned CMRS a loyal client base, both corporate and individual.